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In 2017 the City of Victoria began a formal process of reconciliation with the Songhees and Esquimalt Nations, the Lekwungen speaking peoples on whose homeland the City is founded. When the City first approached the Nations, it was in a very colonial way, asking them to sit on a “reconciliation task force.” Through conversation we learned that a more Indigenous-focused approach would be a better way to proceed if we were sincere in wanting to pursue truth and reconciliation. In response, we formed a City Family and began a Witness Reconciliation Program.

Council set this process in motion through approval of the Witness Reconciliation Program in June 2017. As part of this process, decision making with regards to reconciliation (other than budgetary allocations) are made by the City Family with the Songhees and Esquimalt Chief and Councils as witnesses. Witnesses, in Lekwungen tradition, listen to the story of the family and give their input and guidance to find a good way forward.

Part of the conceptual framework endorsed by Council in June 2017 included the following language:

“For the City to do more than talk about Reconciliation, we must be prepared to question convention, learn from Indigenous custom and tradition, and risk doing things differently than our usual routines and processes. Our comfortable reliance on terms of reference, timelines, work plans, benchmarks, checklists and other conventional assessments of success and progress will not add value or meaning to this work, move it forward, or demonstrate our readiness to face and embrace the challenges of Reconciliation.”

This language in the June 2017 report outlined what might be considered a decision-making process:

“After each Witness Ceremony is complete, and the advice of the Witnesses offered and heard, the City Family will facilitate the actions needed to realize the ideas endorsed by the Witnesses.”

The City Family has been gathering since the summer of 2017. We gather once a month in my office at City Hall and share food and conversation. One time, recently, I suggested to the family that perhaps we could “come to you” and meet at the Esquimalt Nation or the Songhees Nation. Hereditary Chief Ed Thomas gently pointed out, “You don’t need to come to us. You are always already on our territory.” This is just one example of the many humbling and generous truth-tellings that has been shared during the process.

After a year of discussion, deliberation, truth-sharing, and seeking counsel from the Songhees and Esquimalt Chiefs and Councils on multiple occasions, the family decided on the first concrete action we would like to take as we continue the path of truth and reconciliation. We will remove the statue of Sir John A. MacDonald from the front doors of city hall so that the family members and other Indigenous people do not need to walk past this painful reminder of colonial violence each time they enter the doors of their municipal government.

In addition to being the first Prime Minister of Canada, John A. MacDonald was a key architect of the Indian Residential School system. In 1879 he said, “When the school is on the reserve, the child lives with its parents, who are savages, and though he may learn to read and write, his habits and training mode of thought are Indian. He is simply a savage who can read and write. It has been strongly impressed upon myself, as head of the Department, that Indian children should be withdrawn as much as possible from the parental influence, and the only way to do that would be to put them in central training industrial schools where they will acquire the habits and modes of thought of white men.”

I am ashamed to say that I have an undergraduate degree in Canadian history, a master’s in Canadian history and a half-completed PhD in Canadian history. It is not until we began this Witness Reconciliation Program that I learned about the role that Canada’s first prime minister played in developing residential schools, the effects of which are well known to be still felt today both by school attendees and their children and grandchildren.

The statue will be removed and stored in a city facility until an appropriate way to recontextualize MacDonald is determined. We do not propose to erase history but rather to take the time through the process of truth-telling and reconciliation as part of the Witness Reconciliation Program to tell this complex and painful chapter of Canadian history in a thoughtful way.

Members of the City Family have worked together to craft this language that will go on a plaque where the current statue stands. The witnesses – the Chiefs and Councils of the Songhees and Esquimalt Nations – have provided their input and approved the final wording:

In 2017, the City of Victoria began a journey of Truth and Reconciliation with the Lekwungen peoples, the Songhees and Esquimalt Nations, on whose territories the city stands. 

 The members of the City Family – part of the City’s Witness Reconciliation Program – have determined that to show progress on the path of reconciliation the City should remove the statue of Sir John A. MacDonald from the front doors of City Hall, while the City, the Nations and the wider community grapple with MacDonald’s complex history as both the first Prime Minister of Canada and a leader of violence against Indigenous Peoples.

 The statue is being stored safely in a city facility. We will keep the public informed as the Witness Reconciliation Program unfolds, and as we find a way to recontextualize MacDonald in an appropriate way.  For more information please visit

The statue will be removed on Saturday August 11th and the plaque installed immediately. After an appropriate amount of time has passed (as determined by Elders from the Songhees and Esquimalt Nations) a cleansing, blessing and healing ceremony will be held in the space where the statue formerly stood. In the longer term, as determined by motion of Council in late 2016, a piece of art representative of Lekwungen culture will likely go in this space.

For the full City Family Story and documents that will be presented to Committee of the Whole tomorrow please head here and see item I3.


  1. Macdonald’s contributions have been very overblown so its good to reflect more on his record. George Brown was the real champion who succeeded in pushing forth the idea of Confederation, with the support of Cartier. Macdonald voted against and only joined later in order to keep his alliance with Cartier. After Victoria asked for a wagon road in order to join Confederation, Macdonald promised it a railway, at a huge cost. It was an opportunistic way to gain financial support from powerful railways. Pushing the Indigneous onto reserves helped to free up significant tracts of land along the railway that was given to railway barons. Both Cartier and Macdonald were caught accepting bribes from railway companies. After losing his seat in Kingston in the 1878 election Macdonald was acclaimed a few days later in Victoria where support for him was very strong.

    Undoubtedly, it was Macdonald’s role in bringing BC into Confederation that his statue honours. However, there was a huge cost that needs to be understood better.

    1. It is so depressing to watch, almost on a daily basis, the erasure of great men by know-nothing non-entities who can build nothing, create nothing, do nothing but destroy all that does not conform to the ever shifting pieties of present-tense virtue-signalling.

  2. You are a disgrace to our city, Lisa Helps! You are going to pay for this huge mistake come Election Day!

  3. I really could care less about the statue and notions of Canaduh, its just hypocritical of city hall and the exact opposite of celebrating diversity to edit and exclude a perspective even symbolically. Narrative control is still only one side of one story. Whats needed are many voices from many perspectives.

    Indigenous enfranchisement is also being missed and overlooked by government while we white wash our conscience. For example; pipelines of oil trump pipelines of running water to rural people by Trudeau.

    Real reconciliation is not merely gestures of removing names, statues, fostering PC culture nor even settling land claims. Indigenous self government, sovereignty and emptying the prisons would do more than things like debating public decor.

    The dominant culture of any society hosts the rest. How it is done is the test of merit. IMO

  4. Disgraceful. Today I’m ashamed to be a Canadian. This country is being changed for the worse by a bunch of left extremist passing themselves off as intellectuals.

  5. Here is a quote from Tommy Douglas, that much beloved founder of the NDP and Canadian icon:

    “The Problems of the Subnormal Family’: “Thus sterilization would deprive them of nothing that they value very highly, and would make it impossible for them to reproduce those whose presence could contribute little to the general well-being of society.”

    This is from his Masters thesis about the intellectually-disabled. I know there are schools named after Douglas, if not statues. Victoria probably has one. Get busy, politically correct people. Lots of work ahead of you.

  6. I am deeply saddened by this decision, especially considering Ms Helps education in Canadian History.

    Sir John A. Macdonald had views on our first nations that would be considered offensive by today’s sensibilities. Of that there is no doubt. However, calling him the architect of the residential school system is a fantastic example of revisionist history.

    After all, in Calgary we just renamed the Langevin Bridge the Reconciliation Bridge because, apparently, Sir Hector-Louis Langevin was the architect of the residential schools.

    If you want to find the actual architects, you need to look well before Confederation. You can certainly point to the Anglican Church of Canada who opened the first one post-War of 1812 in 1834. But more accurately, the “Report on the affairs of the Indians of Canada”, commissioned in 1845 by Governor General Charles Bagot, is the document that created the basis for all future residential schools.

    I believe in recognizing both the good and the bad of Canadian history, but shouldn’t we at least try to get it right?

  7. You’re on the right side of history. The Doctrine of Discovery underlies much of what occurred during the Macdonald era. He and his peers set the stage for a long period of white supremacy in Canada tha influential media commentators still haven’t come to terms with.

    White supremacy manifested itself in Macdonald’s Indian Act, the Chinese head tax, continuous-migration legislation, and a cap on Japanese immigration following the 1907 racial attacks in Vancouver’s Chinatown and Japantown.

    Historical contextualization is necessary for Canadians to come to terms with their history. There can be no reconciliation without truth. Even the Supreme Court of Canada embraces the Doctrine of Discovery in its rulings on Aboriginal title.

    You’re a visionary mayor. Thanks for standing up for what’s right rather than what’s politically expedient in an election year. You’re definitely no political pipsqueek!

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